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McDonald’s vs Burger King: Which Fast Food Chain Reigns Supreme?

Two of the largest fast-food chains in the world are McDonald’s and Burger King. Both chains have a presence all over the world and have been in business for more than 60 years. Burgers, fries, and other fast food staples are among their specialties. There are some significant distinctions between the two chains, despite the fact that their menus are comparable.

People buying fast-food from McDonald's Restaurant

Their contrasting business models are one of the key distinctions between McDonald’s and Burger King.

McDonald’s has a well-known franchise system where each store is run by a different proprietor.

Burger King, on the other hand, generally owns and manages its restaurants; only a small portion are franchised.

Due to this, the two businesses run differently, with Burger King having a more flexible menu and McDonald’s operating more consistently.

Their marketing approaches are another significant distinction between the two chains.

The “Golden Arches” logo and the company’s emphasis on family-friendly advertising have made McDonald’s famous.

Burger King, in contrast, has adopted a more edgy and irreverent marketing strategy and frequently makes fun of McDonald’s in their advertisements.

As a result, there has been a long-running competition between the two chains.


Although they are two of the most recognizable fast-food brands in the world, McDonald’s and Burger King had very different beginnings.

Burger King Restaurants logo

Here is a synopsis of each chain’s past:

McDonald’s History

Richard and Maurice McDonald, two brothers, created McDonald’s in San Bernardino, California, in 1940.

Night Closeup View of McDonald's Restaurant Building Exterior

The brothers quickly discovered they could earn more money by concentrating on a small menu of burgers, fries, and shakes than by focusing on the original restaurant’s drive-in barbecue business.

They also created the “Speedee Service System,” a novel method for speedily preparing and serving food.

A salesperson by the name of Ray Kroc visited the McDonald brothers in 1954 and was intrigued with their business.

In 1955, he launched his first McDonald’s restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois, after persuading them to grant him permission to license the idea.

Later, Kroc acquired the business from the McDonald brothers and expanded it into a vast global empire.

Burger King History

James McLamore and David Edgerton established Burger King in 1954 in Miami, Florida.

Burger King resturant store front

The Insta-Broiler, a novel cooking appliance, was used in the first Insta-Burger King restaurant to swiftly and uniformly fry burgers.

In its early years, the chain struggled and saw a number of ownership changes.

A group of businessmen led by franchisee James McLamore and David R. Edgerton purchased the chain in 1959.

See also  12 Best McDonald's Breakfast Items

They gave the chain a new name—Burger King—and quickly started to grow it.

Burger King and McDonald’s engaged in a bitter rivalry in the 1970s and 1980s, with both restaurants running strong marketing campaigns to attract customers.

With thousands of locations throughout numerous nations, McDonald’s and Burger King are currently two of the biggest and most successful fast-food businesses in the world.

Despite having differing initial ideas and approaches, both restaurants have come to represent the ethos of American fast food.


Two of the largest fast-food chains in the world are McDonald’s and Burger King.

Large Fried Chicken Hamburger Menu at McDonald's

From burgers and fries to salads and desserts, both brands’ menus are diverse. The menus of these two chains do, however, differ significantly in certain key ways.

The Big Mac, Quarter Pounder, and Chicken McNuggets are some of McDonald’s most well-known traditional menu items.

They also provide a variety of breakfast products, including hotcakes and the Egg McMuffin.

McDonald’s has added new foods to their menu in recent years, including the McPlant Burger, a plant-based burger, and the Buttermilk Crispy Chicken Sandwich.

The Whopper and the Bacon King are two popular flame-grilled burgers at Burger King, on the other hand.

Additionally, they have a selection of chicken salads, sandwiches, and sides including onion rings and mozzarella sticks.

The Impossible Whopper, a plant-based burger, and the Ch’King Sandwich, a crispy chicken sandwich, are two recent additions to the Burger King menu.

Burger King and McDonald’s both provide value menus with items priced at $1 or less. The items on these menus vary across the two chains, though.

For instance, Burger King offers a Jr., whereas McDonald’s offers a McChicken sandwich and a cheeseburger on its value menu. Crispy chicken sandwich and a Whopper.

Both restaurants serve fries as a side dish, however Burger King gives onion rings and a garden side salad while McDonald’s additionally provides apple slices and a side salad.

Both businesses provide a variety of soft drinks, but Burger King also sells frozen drinks such the Fanta Frozen Orange, while McDonald’s also serves iced coffee and frappes.

Overall, McDonald’s and Burger King have comparable menu options, but there are also some clear distinctions between the two restaurants.

Customers can select from a variety of sides, drinks, and value menu items at both Burger King and McDonald’s, and they can choose between flame-grilled burgers at Burger King or classic menu items at McDonald’s.


Nutrition is a constant concern with fast food. There are many menu selections available at Burger King and McDonald’s, but some are healthier than others.

Burger King Set

Burgers at McDonald’s had 186 fewer calories on average than those at Burger King, per an analysis by Feast Good.

It’s crucial to remember that the number of calories can change based on the particular burger or sandwich that is ordered.

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For instance, Men’s Health lists the Bacon ‘n Cheese Triple from Steak n’ Shake as one of the unhealthiest fast food burgers of 2021 due to its staggering 1,030 calories.

According to Feast Good, the 22 primary burger/sandwich selections at McDonald’s and Burger King have an average nutritional value of 498 calories, 44g of carbohydrates (2.9g fiber), 23.5g of fat (7.5g saturated), 27.5g of protein, and 1057mg of sodium.

It’s critical to remember that some burgers may contain much greater sodium levels, which can exacerbate conditions like high blood pressure.

Burger King and McDonald’s both offer salads and grilled chicken sandwiches for people seeking healthier options.

The McDonald’s Artisan Grilled Chicken Sandwich and the Burger King Grilled Chicken Sandwich are among the healthiest fast food burger options, according to a dietician consulted by Healthline.

Compared to beef alternatives, these choices have fewer calories and saturated fat.

In general, it’s crucial to consider the nutritional value of various fast food selections while making decisions.

While Burger King and McDonald’s both have some healthy menu selections available, many of their offerings are rich in calories, fat, and sodium.


Since decades, McDonald’s and Burger King have been fierce rivals in the fast food sector.

portrait of worker at Burger King

To draw in and keep customers, both companies have made significant marketing investments.

We will look at a few of each company’s marketing tactics in this part.

McDonald’s Marketing

The “I’m Lovin’ It” jingle and the recognizable golden arches are trademarks of McDonald’s.

McDonald's fast food restaurant

The business has a huge advertising budget, and it has made some of the most iconic commercial campaigns in history.

McDonald’s has also been a leader in enhancing its marketing efforts with technology.

For instance, the business introduced a smartphone app that lets users order and pay for meals in advance and even provides customized offers and promotions based on their preferences.

McDonald’s also places a strong emphasis on establishing a unified brand identity across all of its locations.

Customers are more likely to feel at ease and trust the company’s restaurants because they have the same logo, menu products, and décor.

Burger King Marketing

Burger King has consistently been the underdog in the fast-food sector, and the business has benefited from this in its marketing initiatives.

Inside a Burger King restaurant

The chain is renowned for its outrageous and even contentious advertisements, which frequently criticize McDonald’s.

For instance, Burger King conducted a promotion in 2019 dubbed “Whopper Detour” that gave consumers a cent-off Whopper if they placed an order using the Burger King app while dining at a McDonald’s.

Burger King has also had success interacting with customers on social media.

The business is well-represented on social media sites like Twitter and Instagram, where it interacts with customers and produces material that can be shared.

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Burger King launched a mobile app with capabilities similar to those of McDonald’s app in order to improve its marketing initiatives.

In conclusion, in order to draw in and keep customers, Burger King and McDonald’s have both used creative and successful marketing techniques.

Burger King has distinguished itself from McDonald’s with its irreverent and occasionally contentious advertisements and robust social media presence, despite McDonald’s having a greater advertising budget and a more unified brand image.

Frequently Asked Questions

McDonald's takeaway coffee

What is the difference between McDonald’s and Burger King?

While both McDonald’s and Burger King offer fast food options, there are some differences between the two. McDonald’s is known for its signature Big Mac and Quarter Pounder burgers, while Burger King is known for its Whopper burger. McDonald’s also offers a wider variety of menu items, including salads, breakfast items, and desserts, while Burger King has a more limited menu.

Which is healthier, McDonald’s or Burger King?

Neither McDonald’s or Burger King are known for their healthy options, but both offer some healthier choices. McDonald’s offers salads and grilled chicken options, while Burger King offers veggie burgers and grilled chicken sandwiches. It ultimately depends on the individual’s choices and dietary needs.

Which is cheaper, McDonald’s or Burger King?

The prices at McDonald’s and Burger King are comparable, with both offering value menus and combo meals. However, prices may vary depending on location and specific menu items.

Which is more popular, McDonald’s or Burger King?

McDonald’s is generally considered to be more popular, with over 38,000 locations worldwide compared to Burger King’s approximately 17,000 locations. However, popularity may vary depending on location and personal preference.

Are there any notable controversies surrounding McDonald’s and Burger King?

Both McDonald’s and Burger King have faced controversies in the past. McDonald’s has been criticized for its use of preservatives and additives in its food, as well as its labor practices. Burger King has faced criticism for its treatment of animals and its marketing practices. However, both companies have made efforts to address these issues and improve their practices.

Burger King Fast Food Restaurant Front View


The two largest fast-food franchises in the world, McDonald’s and Burger King, have a long history of competitiveness and rivalry.

While both restaurants cater to the same demographic and offer comparable cuisines, there are some significant distinctions between them.

Their contrasting business models are one of the key distinctions between McDonald’s and Burger King. Burger King provides for more freedom and personalization in its offerings while McDonald’s is recognized for its consistent approach to its menu and operations.

This implies that Burger King may provide customers with more variety and options whereas McDonald’s may be more consistent across locations.

Their marketing approaches also set the two chains apart from one another. While Burger King has recently adopted a more edgy and confrontational stance, McDonald’s is well renowned for its recognizable logo and advertising campaigns.

This led to the creation of numerous iconic marketing initiatives, like the “Whopper Detour” campaign, which enticed customers to buy from Burger King while inside a McDonald’s.

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Written by Brian Nagele

Brian attended West Virginia University, then started his career in the IT industry before following his passion for marketing and hospitality. He has over 20 years experience in the restaurant and bar industry.

As a former restaurant owner, he knows about running a food business and loves to eat and enjoy cocktails on a regular basis. He constantly travels to new cities tasting and reviewing the most popular spots.

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