Brown Eggs vs White Eggs

You may have noticed that there are only two colors of eggs available for purchase: brown and white. But do they differ from one another? Both yes and no, is the answer. While the eggshell color may differ according to the breed of chicken that lays it, there are some other distinctions in nutritional value, flavor, and cost that you might want to take into account.

White eggs from the basket on table

Is there a nutritional difference between brown and white eggs? is one of the most often asked questions concerning eggs.

According to certain research, brown eggs may contain a small amount more vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids than white eggs.

The difference, though, is negligible and could not even be apparent in your entire diet. Additionally, neither the flavor nor quality of the egg itself are impacted by the color of the eggshell.

Key Takeaways

  • The color of the eggshell does not affect the taste or quality of the egg.
  • Brown eggs may have slightly more nutrients than white eggs, but the difference is minimal.
  • The choice between brown and white eggs may come down to personal preference and price.

Origins of Egg Colors

Ever ponder why some eggs are white while others are brown? Actually, the breed of the chicken that lays the egg determines its color.

Easter eggs on wooden straw background in the early morning on Easter Holiday.

Eggs from various chicken breeds might vary in hue or tone.

For instance, whereas hens with red earlobes and feathers typically lay brown eggs, those with white earlobes and feathers typically produce white eggs.

There are some exceptions to this rule, and some varieties of hens can produce colored eggs.

Pigments that are deposited on the egg’s surface as it travels through the hen’s oviduct are what give an eggshell its color.

The hue of the pigment varies based on the breed of chicken and is created by particular cells in the hen’s uterus.

Protoporphyrin, for instance, is the pigment that gives brown eggshells their color, whereas biliverdin is the pigment that gives blue or green eggshells their color.

It’s interesting to note that neither the nutritional value nor flavor of the egg are impacted by the color of the eggshell.

The color of the egg’s shell is the only distinction between brown and white eggs.

Some individuals do, however, hold the misconception that brown eggs are healthier than white eggs.

The diet of the hen, not the color of the eggshell, determines the nutritional content of an egg.

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Nutritional Differences

There is no discernible difference between brown and white eggs in terms of the nutritional value of eggs.

Eggs in a heap of Hay on wooden table

Similar levels of protein, fat, and cholesterol are present in both varieties of eggs.

Instead of the eggshell’s color, a hen’s diet and living environment have a greater impact on an egg’s nutritional content.

However, depending on the diet of the hen, there may be variations in the nutritional value of eggs.

For instance, eggs from hens given a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids will contain more omega-3s than eggs from hens fed a diet low in such fatty acids.

Some egg producers may also supplement the hens’ diet with vitamins, such as vitamin D, which may produce eggs with higher vitamin D concentrations.

Eggs are a good source of high-quality protein, vitamins, and minerals in general.

Approximately 6 grams of protein and significant levels of the vitamins B12, D, and E as well as the minerals iron, zinc, and selenium may all be found in one large egg.

It’s worth seeking for eggs from hens kept in free-range or pasture-based systems if you’re worried about the nutritional value of the eggs you eat because these hens typically have a more diversified diet and better living conditions than hens in conventional cage-based systems.

Additionally, some egg producers may put labels on their eggs that say “organic” or “non-GMO,” but these designations do not always imply higher nutrition or quality.

Taste Differences

Brown and white eggs don’t taste all that differently from one another.


The flavor, texture, or nutritional value of the egg are unaffected by the color of the shell.

The nutrition, age, and breed of the chicken, as well as how the egg was cooked and stored, all affect its flavor.

Some people, however, contend that brown eggs have a superior flavor to white eggs.

This is perhaps because brown eggs are sometimes more expensive than white eggs, which may give the impression that they are of greater quality.

In addition, due to the darker yolk color, some individuals think that brown eggs have a richer flavor.

It’s crucial to remember that the yolk’s color does not always correspond to its flavor or nutritional worth.

The diet of the chicken, which can vary based on the farm or brand, determines the color of the yolk.

A diet high in yellow and orange pigments is fed to some hens, which may cause the yolk to be deeper in color.

However, this does not automatically imply that the egg is better for you or more delicious than an egg with a lighter yolk.

In conclusion, there is little to no flavor distinction between brown and white eggs.

The nutrition, age, and breed of the chicken, as well as the way the egg was cooked and stored, all affect its flavor.

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Due to their perceived greater quality, some people may prefer the flavor of brown eggs, but this is mostly a question of personal preference.

Price Differences

You could observe that brown eggs are more expensive than white eggs when you go to the grocery store to purchase eggs. What gives, though?

egg in white bowl

Healthline claims that there are no nutritional differences that account for the price difference between brown and white eggs.

The amounts of protein, fat, and cholesterol in both kinds of eggs are the same. The production costs are the reason for the price discrepancy.

Due to the increased size and higher nutritional needs of the hens which lay brown eggs, they are usually more expensive.

Additionally, less popular breeds with weaker egg-laying capacities tend to lay brown eggs. Because of this, producing brown eggs requires more time and materials, which raises the cost.

It’s crucial to remember that depending on where you reside, the cost distinction between brown and white eggs can change.

Brown eggs may cost less than white eggs in some places, or the price difference may not be very noticeable.

For some consumers, the price difference between brown and white eggs may not be a major deciding factor.

White eggs, however, can be a more economical option if you’re on a tight budget. The choice ultimately comes down to budget and personal preference.

Environmental Impact

In recent years, environmental effects of egg production have drawn increasing attention.

Raw Organic Brown Eggs in a Basket

14.5% of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are attributed to animal agriculture, according to a survey by Wageningen University and Research.

Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide are all greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, and egg production in particular releases these pollutants.

There is not much of a difference between the environmental effects of brown eggs and white eggs.

Similar amounts of resources, including water, food, and energy, are needed to create both kinds of eggs.

However, depending on the farming methods employed, the environmental impact of egg production can vary.

For instance, methods for producing free-range and organic eggs typically have less of an impact on the environment than traditional ways.

This is due to the fact that organic and free-range farms frequently employ more environmentally friendly farming techniques, such as rotating crops, utilizing natural fertilizers, and using fewer pesticides and herbicides.

Additionally, the movement of eggs may have an effect on the environment.

Compared to eggs that are produced and sold locally, eggs that are transported across large distances use more energy and emit more emissions.

Consequently, choosing locally produced eggs can lessen the impact of egg production on the environment.

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In general, when making purchasing selections, it’s critical to take the environment into account.

Reduce the environmental effect of egg production by selecting free-range, organic, or locally produced eggs.

Frequently Asked Questions

basket of white eggs on wooden table

Are brown eggs healthier than white eggs?

There is no significant nutritional difference between brown and white eggs. Both types of eggs have the same amount of protein, fat, and cholesterol. The color of the eggshell is determined by the breed of the chicken and does not affect the nutritional value of the egg.

Why are brown eggs more expensive than white eggs?

Brown eggs are generally more expensive than white eggs because the hens that lay brown eggs are larger and require more food. This means that it costs more to raise and care for brown egg-laying hens than it does for white egg-laying hens. However, the cost difference is typically small and varies depending on the location and market.

Do brown eggs taste different than white eggs?

The color of the eggshell does not affect the taste of the egg. However, some people believe that brown eggs taste better than white eggs. This is likely due to the fact that brown eggs are often associated with organic or free-range farming, which can lead to a different diet and lifestyle for the hens. Ultimately, the taste of an egg depends on the diet and lifestyle of the hen that laid it, not the color of the eggshell.

How can you tell if an egg is fresh?

The freshness of an egg can be determined by the date on the carton and by performing a simple test. To test the freshness of an egg, place it in a bowl of water. If the egg sinks to the bottom and lays flat on its side, it is fresh. If it stands upright on the bottom or floats to the top, it is not fresh and should not be consumed. It’s important to note that eggs should be stored in the refrigerator to maintain their freshness.

Basket of eggs on hay bale In the chicken farm


In conclusion, the differences between brown and white eggs are primarily aesthetic and have no bearing on their flavor or nutritional worth.

Brown eggs may be more expensive, but this is only because larger, more expensive-to-raise breeds of chickens are frequently used to produce them.

It essentially comes down to personal preference and price when deciding between brown and white eggs.

Choose brown eggs if you like the way they appear and don’t mind spending a little bit more.

White eggs are a perfectly excellent option if you don’t care about the color and want to save some money.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that eggs are a wholesome and adaptable food that can be enjoyed in a variety of ways, regardless of the type you select.

They provide a lot of vitamins and minerals that are necessary for optimum health and are a great source of protein.

In light of this, you may feel comfortable about eating eggs in your diet, whether you enjoy them scrambled, fried, boiled, or baked.

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Written by Brian Nagele

Brian attended West Virginia University, then started his career in the IT industry before following his passion for marketing and hospitality. He has over 20 years experience in the restaurant and bar industry.

As a former restaurant owner, he knows about running a food business and loves to eat and enjoy cocktails on a regular basis. He constantly travels to new cities tasting and reviewing the most popular spots.

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