in , ,

What Daoes Sushi Grade Fish Mean?

Sushi is a renowned Japanese meal that is well-known throughout the world. It is a dish made of vinegared rice and a range of additional ingredients, including raw fish, fruits, and vegetables. The raw fish used in sushi is sometimes referred to as “sushi-grade fish,” but what does this word actually imply and how can you tell if a piece of fish is sushi-grade?

Otoro is the most desired part of the tuna belly that usually doesn't get a price

Unrestricted usage of the term “sushi-grade fish” designates fish that is suitable for consumption uncooked.

In order to reduce the risk of food-borne illnesses, sushi-grade fish is normally the freshest and best fish that is readily available.

Although there are no formal guidelines for using the word “sushi-grade,” the majority of fish merchants will use it to describe which of their products is the freshest and the safest to consume raw.

It’s crucial to remember that “sushi-grade” does not always imply that the fish is devoid of bacteria or parasites.

What is Sushi-Grade Fish?

Fish that is suitable for eating uncooked is known as sushi-grade fish.

Sushi grade pieces of fresh fish-salmon, tun

It is the best fish that can be found and is used for raw fish dishes including ceviche, sashimi, crudo, and sushi.

The term “sushi-grade” is frequently used by fish merchants to describe which fish in their supply is the freshest, best quality, and treated with additional care to reduce the danger of food-borne illnesses, although it is not regulated by any government agency.

What Makes Fish Sushi-Grade?

The freshness, texture, and color of the fish, as well as its overall quality—which qualifies it as sushi—are all important considerations.

Premium sushi grade tuna seared and served with avocado, cucumber

The following are some characteristics of sushi-grade fish:

  • Freshness: Sushi-grade fish must be very fresh. It should be caught, processed, and delivered to the vendor quickly. The fish should be stored at a low temperature to prevent bacterial growth and spoilage.
  • Texture: Sushi-grade fish should have a firm texture that is not mushy or slimy. The flesh should be dense and hold together well.
  • Color: The color of sushi-grade fish should be bright and vibrant. The flesh should be translucent and have a natural sheen.

Along with these considerations, sushi-grade fish needs to be handled carefully to avoid contamination.

The cutting board and knife used to prepare the fish should be clean and sanitized, and it should be stored apart from other fish.

Fish that has been frozen before is not regarded as sushi-grade since freezing might change the fish’s flavor and texture.

Overall, the best fish available for raw ingestion is sushi-grade fish.

To guarantee that it is safe to consume and has the finest flavor and texture possible, it is carefully chosen and handled.

Types of Sushi-Grade Fish

There are various varieties of fish that are frequently employed in sushi establishments when it comes to sushi-grade fish. Here are a few of the most well-known.

A beautiful sushi grade salmon is placed on a black rock


One of the most popular fish species used to make sushi is tuna. It can be obtained in a number of cuts, such as akami (lean), chutoro (medium fatty), and otoro (fatty), and is typically served raw.

tuna belly that usually doesn't get a price on any sushi house

Protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which are crucial for preserving heart health, are abundant in tuna.

The color, texture, and fat content of tuna are used to assign grades. The best tuna is referred to as “sashimi-grade” and is typically only found in upscale sushi establishments.

Tuna that is suitable for sashimi often has a rich red color and a crisp, buttery texture.

Bluefin, bigeye, and yellowfin tuna are further varieties of tuna that are frequently used in sushi.

Yellowfin is also known as ahi. Bluefin tuna is fattier and has a richer flavor; yellowfin tuna is slimmer and has a milder flavor.

When purchasing tuna for sushi, it’s crucial to choose fish that is fresh and devoid of any stains or sliminess. It ought to smell fresh, like the beach.

Other Types of Sushi-Grade Fish

There are a number of additional fish species that are regularly used in sushi besides tuna.

High grade fatty tuna sushi

These consist of:

  • Salmon: Salmon is another popular choice for sushi. It is usually served raw and has a rich, buttery flavor. Like tuna, salmon is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Yellowtail: Yellowtail, also known as hamachi, is a type of fish that is often served raw in sushi. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a firm, buttery texture.
  • Sea Bass: Sea bass, also known as suzuki or tai, is another popular type of sushi-grade fish. It is usually served raw and has a delicate, mild flavor.
  • Mackerel: Mackerel, also known as saba or aji, is a type of fish that is often pickled before being served in sushi. It has a strong, distinctive flavor and is high in omega-3 fatty acids.

When purchasing fish fit for sushi, it’s crucial to search for fish that is fresh, devoid of any stains or sliminess, and with a crisp, oceanic smell.

Purchasing fish from a respected fishmonger who specializes in sushi-grade fish is another smart move.

Where to Buy Sushi-Grade Fish

Finding a trustworthy vendor who can deliver fresh, high-quality fish that is safe to consume raw is crucial when buying fish suitable for sushi.

Highest grade Japanese Oma tuna

Here are some places where you can purchase fish fit for sushi:

Local Fish Markets

Local fish markets are among the greatest venues to purchase fish fit for sushi. These markets focus on selling fresh seafood, and they frequently contain a large range of fish fit for sushi.

Choose a market with a solid reputation and competent staff who can assist you in selecting the best fish for your requirements.

Online Retailers

There are many online merchants who specialize in fish fit for sushi. In order to ensure that the fish arrives fresh and ready for use, these vendors generally ship the fish overnight.

When purchasing fish online, it’s critical to pick a trusted seller with a solid reputation for offering top-notch fish.


Fish fit for sushi can be found in the seafood section of several stores.

When purchasing fish from a supermarket, it’s crucial to exercise caution because not all of the fish they sell is suitable for consumption uncooked.

Ask the employees for advice on selecting the best fish for sushi at a store that has a solid reputation for quality and freshness.

Wholesale Suppliers

If you intend to purchase sushi-grade fish in large quantities, you might want to consider working with a wholesaler.

Although they occasionally work with individual customers, these vendors typically sell to restaurants and other food service establishments.

A supplier with a solid reputation for quality and freshness and a focus on sushi-grade fish is one to seek out.

When purchasing sushi-grade fish, it’s crucial to take the effort to choose a reliable vendor that can offer premium, fresh fish that is suitable for raw consumption.

Do your research and pick a source who has a solid reputation for quality and freshness whether you decide to purchase from a neighborhood fish market, an internet merchant, a supermarket, or a wholesaler.

How to Store Sushi-Grade Fish

To keep sushi-grade fish safe to eat, it’s essential to preserve its freshness and quality when keeping it. Here are some pointers on how to properly keep fish fit for sushi:

High grade fatty tuna fillet

Freeze the Fish First

Fish fit for sushi is best stored after being frozen. Any parasites and bacteria that may be present in the fish are killed by this process.

To make sure the fish is safe to eat, it must be frozen at -4°F for at least a week. It is advisable to freeze the fish for a longer period of time if you intend to keep it for a long time.

Use Proper Packaging

Use the right packaging for keeping sushi-grade fish to avoid freezer burn and contamination. The best packaging keeps the fish fresh and keeps air out of the container since it is vacuum-sealed.

The fish should be carefully wrapped in plastic wrap or aluminum foil if vacuum-sealed packaging is not available before being put in a freezer-safe container.

Label and Date the Packaging

To keep track of how long the fish has been frozen, it is crucial to properly identify and date the packaging of sushi-grade fish.

The species of fish, the date of freezing, and the expiration date should all be clearly marked on the box. This information makes it easier to make sure the fish is eaten within the suggested window of time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Fatty tuna fish serve as a raw fish or know as sashimi

What does “sushi-grade” mean?

The term “sushi-grade” is not regulated by any official agency, but it is commonly used to describe fish that is safe to eat raw. The term generally indicates that the fish is fresh, high-quality, and has been handled with care to minimize the risk of foodborne illness.

Can any fish be used for sushi?

Not all fish are suitable for sushi. Some fish may contain parasites or other harmful substances that can make people sick if consumed raw. In general, fish that is commonly used for sushi includes tuna, salmon, yellowtail, and snapper. It’s important to purchase fish from a reputable source and to ask your fishmonger if the fish is suitable for raw consumption.

How can you tell if fish is sushi-grade?

It can be difficult to tell if a fish is sushi-grade just by looking at it. However, there are some things you can look for to help determine if the fish is suitable for raw consumption. For example, the fish should have a fresh, clean smell and should be firm to the touch. The eyes should be clear and bulging, and the gills should be bright red. Additionally, the fish should be kept at a consistent temperature of 40 degrees Fahrenheit or below.

Is freezing necessary for sushi-grade fish?

Freezing fish can help to kill parasites and reduce the risk of foodborne illness. The FDA recommends freezing fish at -4 degrees Fahrenheit for at least 7 days before consuming it raw. However, not all fish needs to be frozen before being used for sushi. Some fish, such as tuna, may not require freezing if they are fresh and have been handled properly.

Can sushi-grade fish be used for cooked dishes?

Yes, sushi-grade fish can be used for cooked dishes. However, because sushi-grade fish is generally more expensive than other types of fish, it may not be the most cost-effective option for cooked dishes. Additionally, cooking the fish may alter its texture and flavor, so it may not be the best choice for certain recipes.

High grade fatty tuna


In conclusion, “sushi-grade fish” refers to the best fish that is suitable for ingestion uncooked.

As there are no formal definitions for “sushi-grade,” it is up to the vendor to decide what they believe to be safe for raw consumption.

It’s crucial to acquire sushi-grade fish from a dependable supplier who has a track record of providing customers with fish that is both safe and of the highest caliber.

Find fish that has been appropriately handled, kept in storage, and labeled as “sushi-grade” or “sashimi-grade.”

When cooking and eating raw fish, it’s crucial to adhere to the correct food safety regulations.

This entails maintaining the appropriate temperature for the fish, using clean cutting boards and tools, and eating the fish quickly.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Written by Brian Nagele

Brian has over 20 years experience in the restaurant and hospitality industry. As a former restaurant owner, he knows about running a food business and loves to eat and enjoy cocktails on a regular basis. He constantly travels to new cities tasting and reviewing the most popular spots.